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The Animal Farm (1945): An Analysis Sign In Pakistan

The Animal Farm is a book by George Orwell published in 1945. It’s basically a fictional story showing an animal farm where the owner exceeds his power and acts in a very inhumane way. Resulting in a rebellion by the animals which also results in authoritarianism and thus there is the only power that matters. 

Animal Farm Characters

The following are the main characters from the Animal Farm 

Napolean, Boxer, Mr Pilkington, Mr John, Benjamin, Mr Whymper, Snowball, Squealer, Old Major, Muriel,  Moses,  Mr Frederick, Mollie, Clover. 

Animal Farm Summary 

The scene picturized in the book is a Farm in England.

The farm is taken over by animals from humans most dominantly by pigs, leading to making ” few commandments ” for all the fellow animals to live by. Then the humans avenged but were beaten. The internal vendetta grew as Snowball kicked Napolean out of the farm. After, the commandments change overtime to help the pigs only. The windmill was rebuilt and food was given to the minimum. Boxer was taken to kill after tumbling from hard work. Lastly, the Pigs started behaving like humans and thus all other animals learned that authority/power makes everyone self-centred without distinguishing humans and animals.  

A Quick Review

The writer highlighted that unity is strength using his characters. When all animals revolted against their owner because of his behaviour. Then the story goes on and the pigs took over the authority and gradually they also acted as the farm owner. The other animals confessed that animals and humans are both the same when they are in power. Sense of relaxation is in the nature of humans and animals alike.

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The Animal Farm

Animal Farm Story in detail

The Old Major summons the animals for a conference, during which he refers to the humans bad because of the acts of their owner. He claimed that their owner is using them for his profits and he enjoys more than the animals. Lately, he innovated a song called Beasts of England.

Major Dies

When Major dies, two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, adopt command and think it a duty to plan for the Rebellion. Which the old major consistently tried to convince all the farm animals. The animal revolts and drives the irresponsible farm owner, Mr Jones, from the farm, renaming it “ANIMAL FARM.”

The Seven Commandments

All the animals on the farm after their rebellion adopted the Seven Commandments of Animalism, the most vital of which is, “All animals are equal“. Snowball explains the animals to learn, while Napoleon teaches the young animals the ethics of Animalism.

Pig’s Authoritarianism

The Animal Farm

The pigs took positions of leadership and believed that they are superior to other fellow animals on the farm. When Snowball go for the windmill, Napoleon’s dogs chased him out and become the head of Animal Farm. Napoleon amended the rules of the farm, and bring pigs up. One of them is Squealer. 

Napoleon attributed himself to the windmill idea. The animals work harder for easier lives with the windmill. When the animals find the windmill bowed by a violent storm, Napoleon and Squealer prove to the animals that Snowball is behind this. Napoleon curbs the farm population with his dogs. Beasts of England is replaced by an anthem glorifying himself, who appears to be adopting the life of a mam. 

Animal Farm

Mr Frederick attacks the farm and bowed the windmill. The animals win the battle but at great cost, including Boxer, with some other animals are wounded. Boxer continues working harder until he ends. Napoleon sends for a van to take Boxer to the veterinary surgeon, explaining that better care can be given there. 

Donkey’s Role

Benjamin, the pessimistic donkey who “could read as well as any pig“, notices that the van belongs to a knacker, and tries an unsuccessful save. Squealer convinced them about Boxer’s treatment. But in reality, Napoleon has sold Boxer for money. Years passed and the pigs started to act like humans slowly and steadily. The Seven Commandments are gradually reduced to a single phrase: All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. 

The Manor Farm

Napoleon holds a dinner party for the pigs and local farmers, with whom he hails a new alliance. He stops the practice of innovative habits and restores the name “The Manor Farm.”

The End

As the animals adopted the behaviours and practices of humans, they have changed from pigs to humans. Finally, the other farm animals realised that they can no longer distinguish between humans and animals.

What Does The Animal Farm Symbolize?

Animal Farm, known at the beginning and end of the novel as Manor Farm, symbolizes Russia and the Soviet Union under the rule of the Communist Party. But generally, Animal Farm represents any human society, be it capitalist, socialist, fascist, or communist. The only thing we want is power and authority. I will take this book as a realist believing that humans are power seekers.  

What is the main message of Animal Farm?

The main theme of the novel is the desire for power. This desire is closely related to the second corrupt political movement. The animals in the story, especially Napoleon, want more energy. This starts with a shifting view but eventually leads to pigs wanting more energy and less balance.

Historical Connection

Animal Farm

The Animal Farm by George Orwell is an amazing piece that metaphorically shows the betrayal of Lenin’s revolution and the banishment of Trotsky by Stalin. Animal Farm discussed the flaws of any authoritative society. Animal Farm was banned in the US because of George Orwell’s pro-communist views. Animal Farm was also banned in USSR because of his anti-Communist views. Basically, Animal Farm is a satire of the Russian Revolution. A must-read book for all.


Here I tried to give you a basic understanding of The animal farm by George Orwell. A brilliant piece to read for all. 

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Muhammad Ali is a blogger and content writer on different topics. He has worked on projects in the field of education, travelling, tourism, and freelancing. Your kind suggestions and corrections are always welcome.

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